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Chapter 1: Introduction
Leadership is mainly considered a proper set of behaviours that is incorporated within the organisation for providing a direction for executing the strategic plans. This in turn is mainly considered for renewing the organisation. Ciulla and Ciulla (2020) stated Effective leaders focus on maintaining a proper working condition. This particular factor is considered for maintaining a potential working environment which is valuable for conducting the work. Different leadership strategy is significant within the organisation as it considers proper evolution within the company. Porfírio et al., (2019) illustrates that it is also valuable as it focuses on maintaining appropriate evaluation which is important for sustaining the competitive growth within the organisation. Yusuf et al., (2022) stated that one of the important factors associated with the organisation's approach is that it focuses on sustaining a holistic set of factors that Helps individuals to succeed over time. The concerned leadership style is valuable for the organisation for shaping the future aspect. On the other hand, Guzmán et al., (2020) evaluated that solvent dealership is prevalent which provides a major idea regarding the nomenclature of leadership style. It focuses on directing and controlling the people in terms of implementing managerial aspects instead of an effective approach for leaders. This in turn is also considered a significant factor for affecting the productivity of the organisation. It is important for organisations to consider leaders so that they are able to connect with them physically and cognitively. It is also valuable for connecting with them emotionally. Laureani and Antony (2019) stated that Leaders focus on generating a proper value within the company. This is valuable for developing a proper mindset and awareness. The consideration of this approach is valuable for transforming the organisation. This facilitates considering a customer centric approach that is valuable for generating a proper value. It is also beneficial for understanding different factors of employees before developing different policies. In the following case, Diskienė and Paulienė (2018) highlighted that with the help of appropriate leadership approaches, leaders are able to provide proper coaching to employees. It provides an advantage for making proper decision and this is beneficial for sustaining a competitive advantage and financial foundation. Sandybayev (2019) mentioned that autocratic Assignment on leadership Styles focuses on providing clear rules. For example, conveying an appropriate information process that influences individuals to remain in that particular decision-making process. This in turn creates major issues within the organisation. This is advantageous for improving the situation of the company.
Leaders play a significant role within the organisation. This particular study will focus on highlighting the impact ofAssignment on leadership styles on business culture by considering the context of the aviation industry.
- To analyse the impact of transformational leadership on the development of positive and high-performance business culture in the aviation industry
- To evaluate the impact of autocratic Assignment on leadership styles on employee morale and overall organisational culture in aviation companies
- To explore the impact of leadership style on employee job satisfaction and employee turnover intentions
1.4 Research questions
- How does transformational leadership style influence the development of a positive and high-performance business culture in the aviation industry?
- What is the impact of autocratic leadership style on employee morale and the overall organisational culture in aviation companies?
- What is the impact of leadership style on employee job satisfaction and employee turnover intentions?
In terms of financial perspective, it has been evaluated that the airline industry is recovering from the losses they have experienced during the pandemic situation. In 2020, the global airline industry lost £140 billion. However, in the year 2020, the number has decreased to £6.9 billion. The airline industry is facing a number of challenges, including rising fuel cost, increased competition and ongoing pandemic (Statista, 2023). In this case it has been highlighted that indigo in India also increased their revenue from 15.4% in the year 2022 which was 18.2% in the year 2020. In the following case it has been evaluated that leaders within the organisation play a significant role in motivating individuals and providing proper knowledge (Statista, 2022). However, it is also highlighted that conveying appropriate services and quality to customers also enhances revenue of the organisation. Therefore, this particular study will focus on illustrating the impact of leadership style and business culture within the aviation industry. This will facilitate analysing the appropriate role of leaders for improving the business culture and financial factors.
This study has conveyed knowledge about leadership and its impact within the organisation. Along with that it has also provided enough knowledge about the significance of leadership in sustaining the culture of the business. Moreover, different drivers of business culture within the aviation sector have also been evaluated. This in turn has provided significant knowledge about the importance of leadership style in the business of the concerned sector.
Chapter 2: Literature review
Leadership is considered as a capability for an individual and group of people for influencing and guiding followers. It is often attributed to the seniority of an individual to maintain responsibilities. Leaders are found and required in different aspects of society and they also consider the development of proper decisions. This in turn is also valuable for achieving goals and they also focus on generating followers that are valuable for the organisation. This study will provide the significance of leadership within the organisation. It will also convey knowledge about various drivers that are essential for sustaining the culture of the business. The interrelationship of the two variables will also be generated in this case.
2.2 Impact of transformational leadership on developing positive and high-performance business culture
2.2.1 Concept of transformational leadership
Leadership style generates a far-reaching impact on the organisation. The benefits of having proper leadership at the organisation is not only restricted to revenue. Hussain et al., (2018) stated that leadership plays a significant role in retaining employees which is also considered a significant factor associated with cost-cutting. The transformational leadership approach encourages, inspires and motivates employees for developing innovation. This Assignment on leadership Styles is an advantage for the organisation. It focuses on shaping the future of the company. This provides immense success within the organisation and a potential financial foundation is generated. It also provides a significant competitive advantage. It influences a sense of corporate culture within the company. It is also valuable for developing independence and ownership that is valuable for the organisation to motivate employees. It helps him to complete the work within the given timeline. Dirani et al., (2020) stated that transformational leaders focus on changing agents within the business. Al Khajeh (2018) mentioned that transformational leaders inspire and motivate their workforce without micromanaging. This facilitates organisations to develop trusted and trained employees to make effective decisions in their assigned job. It is considered a management style That is developed for providing employees a proper room to be creative and to look to the future. This influences them to generate new solutions to the old problems. Pawirosumarto et al., (2017) mentioned that employees on the leadership track also focus on preparing to become transformational leaders through mentorship and training. In the following case, Anderson (2017) evaluated that the transformational leadership theory focuses on highlighting the success of individuals. This particular model provides information about the authenticity that needs to be maintained by leaders so that their ideas can be generated properly. This particular aspect is considered a significant one as it influences transformational leaders to maintain authenticity and feel inspired for maintaining a high standard performance. It is also valuable for sustaining the commitment to trust, transparency as well as respect. In addition, Abelha et al., (2018) stated that intellectual stimulation is also a major factor that influences the change. It is important to change the long-standing belief within the company and it focuses on encouraging innovation, creativity and critical thinking. This in turn is also valuable for influencing the problem-solving factor which helps individuals to explore new ideas and opportunities. Para-González et al., (2018) mentioned that this is also valuable for establishing an environment that welcomes the growth of the organisation and it also influences Incorporating important initiatives. Inspirational motivation is also a significant aspect associated with the respective model. This in turn influences transformational leadership to ensure employee commitment and it influences them to incorporate different strategies for creating a strong sense of purpose. This in turn is also valuable to encourage the vision of the organisation as well as a proper commitment is also generated. Shafi et al., (2020) stated that individual consideration is also a significant aspect associated with this leadership model.
Figure 2.1: Aspects of transformational leadership
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2.2.2 Impact of transformational leadership on developing positive and high-performance business culture
Transformational leaders focus on maintaining organisational culture by sustaining proper flow of information. Boamah et al., (2018) stated that it is the role of transformational leaders to help subordinates to discover who they are and what part they play in providing proper help in organisation. In addition, Farahnak et al., (2020) stated that they also focus on maintaining proper interaction with the subordinates so that the commitment is increased within the organisation. It is generating a proper culture and developing impact on the productivity of the organisation. In the following case, Sun and Wang (2017) evaluated that when values and culture of the organisation were maintained by transformational leaders, productivity and innovation within the organisation improved. This is because it facilitates employees to receive appropriate knowledge regarding the task as well as it also influences them to remain motivated within the organisation. Eliyana and Ma’arif (2019) added that this particular fact is considered a significant aspect as it facilitates them to maintain proper innovation and generate different ideas for completing the work within the given deadline. Monje-Amor et al., (2020) mentioned that one of the prime aspects associated with transformational leadership is that it focuses on creating a proper climate where team members feel involved and important. In this context, it provides them a proper strength to work tirelessly towards the vision of the organisation. In this case, Le and Lei (2019) illustrated that the consideration of this particular climate within the organisation is beneficial as they remain motivated to perform their work which in turn influences them to reach the vision within the given timeline. It also facilitates boosting the morale of the employee and it also helps in increasing productivity. Along with that, Arnold (2017) stated that they also specify and translate vision into action. In this case it is illustrated that after developing a proper goal of vision is generated which influences transformational leaders to develop a strategy. This in turn is also beneficial for developing a proper focus for achieving goals and objectives in the given timeline. In the following case, Buil et al., (2019) highlighted that the consideration of this particular approach is beneficial for the organisation. This is because it facilitates him to analyse the vision and influence them to generate various steps for achieving it. Apart from that, Singh et al., (2020) stated that transformational leaders also influence employees to express their confidence and optimism. This is because they focus on providing inspirational motivation which means that employees are able to develop confidence for achieving the goal. Andriani et al., (2018) stated that this in turn is also a significant factor that facilitates in generating a positive impact within the organisation. It also facilitates developing a high-performance business culture which is valuable for maintaining a proper competitive advantage.
Figure 2.2: Dimensions of transformational leadership
(Source: Created by learner)
2.3 Impact of autocratic leadership style on employee morale and overall organisational culture
2.3.1 Concept of autocratic leadership style
Duan et al., (2017) stated that one of the prime characteristics associated with this particular leadership is that they allow little or no input from group members. This influences leaders to leave the group feeling they are not trusted with the decision or important task. In addition, Jena et al., (2018) mentioned that they tend to develop a highly structured and rigid environment. This in turn creates improper innovation within the organisation and creativity is also reduced. It also focuses on establishing different rules that tend to be clearly outlined and communicated. Ribeiro et al., (2018) mentioned that one of the prime benefits associated with the respective leadership is that it focuses on generating a proper decision-making process specially in stress filled situations. This in turn is also valuable as it focuses on offering a clear chain of command. It is also valuable as a proper directive factor is generated. However, Afsar et al., (2017) analysed that the concerned leadership style affects the morale of employees. This in turn is also considered a significant drawback as creative solutions are not generated from subordinates. Moreover, Djourova et al., (2020) stated that the respective leadership style focuses on making effective decisions which in turn is valuable for improving the performance of the organisation. However, Jiang and Chen (2018) added that this leadership style tends to sound quite negative and this creates a major issue among employees within the organisation. Nguyen et al., (2017) stated that it also helps in reducing pressure particularly in stressful situations. It offers a proper structure in terms of creating a potential task and deadline as well as it influences individuals to develop proper rules that are essential to be followed.
Figure 2.3: Traits of autocratic leadership
(Source: Created by learner)
2.3.2 Drivers of employee morale and organisational culture
Maintaining a remote work, life and balance is considered a significant factor that facilitates generating employment more. This in turn is also valuable as it facilitates individuals to blend their personal time and work properly. Schuckert et al., (2018) stated that providing proper freedom within the workplace is beneficial as it creates energy and enthusiasm among employees. Leadership is also a significant contributor that influences morals within the organisation. Maqbool et al., (2017) illustrated that the consideration of effective leadership style is valuable as it facilitates the team members to feel excited about their work. Schuckert et al., (2018) added that it is also important as it helps individuals to get perks and involvement within the company.
Different leadership principles influence organisational culture. Caniëls et al., (2018) highlighted that focusing on appropriate leadership philosophy in terms of treating people with dignity and respect is considered a significant factor that influences the organisational culture. Aldholay et al., (2018) stated that focusing on appropriate company values, policies and work ambience is considered a major aspect that is Associated with the organisation. Employees develop values that are associated with policies, procedures and work environment. This in turn is beneficial for maintaining the trust and growth within the organisation. Tepper et al., (2018) stated that sustaining proper integrity and communication and generating a positive teen environment is considered a significant factor that influences the organisational culture in a positive manner. Tepper et al., (2018) mentioned that the competing value framework of organisational culture provides a proper strategy for maintaining value within the organisation. It understands the effectiveness of the organisation which facilitates influencing the life-cycle of the organisation and the understanding leadership styles assignment role. In addition to that it also highlights the culture that needs to be maintained by individuals. Elrehail et al., (2018) stated that the incorporation of different frameworks can provide a proper aspect of the organisation. Different factors of this framework can convey cultural categories that are required to be maintained within the company. This can facilitate generating proper assumptions of people. It is also valuable for maintaining a proper culture of the organisation and collaborating with the market culture.
Figure 2.4: Drivers influencing employee morale
(Source: Created by learner)
2.3.3 Impact of autocratic understanding leadership styles assignment on employee morale and overall organisational culture
Autocratic understanding leadership styles assignment sometimes can be un-bearing and unpleasant. However, it provides the team and people with a proper sense of direction. This in turn is valuable for increasing productivity and reducing the stress level. On the other hand, Dong et al., (2017) analysed that these leaders do not consider the decisions of other people. They only consider the decision of one particular person which creates a major impact on maintaining the employee morale. This in turn highlights that employees do not feel involved within the organisation which in turn creates a major issue. Chauhan et al., (2019) stated that creativity and personal growth are also reduced. This is because these leaders do not foster creativity and problem-solving approaches within the organisation. This creates a major issue in terms of developing new skills and capabilities. In this context, Kark et al., (2018) evaluated that the consideration of this particular approach affects employees for not developing a proper personal growth regarding the organisation. This also affects the visual approach of employees as well as the employee morale within the organisation is also reduced. On the other hand, Afsar and Masood (2018) stated that as this particular leadership does not allow proper contribution, therefore, the growth of employees is hampered.
Autocratic leaders focus on making their own decisions independently and expect employees to follow their directives without question. This particular style creates a hierarchical and top-down organisational culture. Hoch et al., (2018) illustrated that in this understanding leadership styles assignment, creativity and problem-solving approach is not generated. Zaech and Baldegger (2017) stated that it also focuses on making decisions by considering one individual. In this case it has been highlighted that the decision-making process can be quick. However, Zaech and Baldegger (2017) added that it requires no input from other people. This particular aspect of it is the culture of the organisation as the team working aspect is reduced.
2.4 Impact of leadership style on employee job satisfaction and employee turnover intentions
2.4.1 Drivers of employee job satisfaction and employee turnover
Job satisfaction, highlight how happy employees feel with regard to their present job. Different factors influence job satisfaction by using one’s capabilities and skills as well as working conditions and benefits. López-Cabarcos et al., (2022) stated that happiness is relative and everyone responds to different factors differently. In addition to that work life balance is considered a significant factor that influences job satisfaction among employees. López-Cabarcos et al., (2022) stated that by converting proper work life balance individuals are able to maintain realistic expectations and they are also focused on work. It is also beneficial for sustaining the turnover of employs and this factor is important for maintaining engagement of employees. Daniëls et al., (2019) evaluated that the consideration of proper health and safety is considered a significant factor that influences the motivation level among employees. In the following case Al Khajeh (2018) evaluated that the consideration of different company values are also major factors that influence employee tension within the organisation. The contemplation of proper workplace culture is important for the organisation. With the aid of appropriate workplace culture, individuals are able to maintain proper culture and they remain motivated to perform their work. Al Khajeh (2018) stated that with the help of appropriate workplace culture individuals are able to feel consistent for performing the work which in turn is also valuable for mentioning their motivation and completing the work within the given deadline. Similarly, it is also evaluated that maintaining episode recognition is also considered a significant factor that increases motivation level among employees. Montano et al., (2017) stated that providing appropriate recognition due to hard work and intelligence support. Employees feel acknowledged and this in turn influences their efficiency in a positive manner. Daniëls et al., (2019) mentioned that a proper recognition within the organisation is required as it facilitates to increase the appreciation which in turn is also valuable for enhancing the job satisfaction level. Relationships with managers are also significant for improving the job satisfaction level.
Effective managers have certain Traits within the organisation. This influences them to maintain a high versus moral and motivation. Similarly, Smith et al., (2020) stated that leadership is also considered a significant factor that creates a major impact within the organisation. With the help of appropriate understanding leadership styles assignment, individuals are able to gain relevant knowledge regarding the task which in turn is also considered a significant aspect to improve Encouragement among employees. Anderson and Sun (2017) stated that the consideration of proper working style is also a major aspect that influences employees to remain engaged within their work. In the following case, Rodriguez and Walters (2017) evaluated that consideration of various culture, values and style is important within the organisation for maintaining a proper work style. With the help of effective style, individuals remain motivated to conduct their work at a proper flexibility.
Figure 2.5: Factors influencing job satisfaction
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2.4.2 Impact of leadership style on employee job satisfaction and employee turnover intentions
Leadership is significant as it focuses on improving the communication process. With the help of a proper communication process, individuals are able to receive proper information that is valuable for the organisation. It is important to sustain a potential interaction process. This is an important factor as it provides a proper advantage to the work. With the aid of communication process conflict within the organisation is decreased. This is also a significant advantage for the organisation as appropriate engagement is maintained and it reduces the turnover of employees. It maintains a proper retention rate which is valuable for the company. Satisfaction level within the organisation is one of the significant factors. Effective leadership style is valuable as a proper working environment is developed. Creating a potential working environment is beneficial as it fosters creativity and collaboration. With the help of proper creativity and collaboration employees remain engaged in performing their work. This is also beneficial for maintaining a proper engagement and productivity and efficiency is maintained. Lord et al., (2017) stated that improving productivity is also considered a significant factor that is associated with proper leadership approach. It is also valuable as it facilitates enhancing the efficiency. Gumus et al., (2018) stated that productive leaders can be valuable to improve their facility by ensuring that employees work towards the same goal. Contemplation of this factor is beneficial as it focuses on sustaining the engagement. It also creates appropriate knowledge about the weakness and strength of individuals. Harms et al., (2017) added that understanding the strength and weakness of employees is beneficial as it influences leaders to allocate tasks accordingly. This is also valuable as it facilitates motivating employees to understand the work as well as it also helps them to remain engaged in conducting the work. This facilitates providing the work within the given deadline. Harms et al., (2017) stated that Edwin Locke’s range effectively provides information about the different factors that influence job satisfaction. The consideration of this particular factor is also beneficial as it facilitates understanding the needs and preferences of employees and it influences leaders to conduct their work appropriately. In this case Schwarzmüller et al., (2018) stated that the consideration of various components of this particular theory, efficient for understanding the needs of employees which in turn can be valuable for affecting the working process. Schwarzmüller et al., (2018) added that it can influence leaders to develop tasks accordingly, which can facilitate them to remain engaged and motivated by performing their work. The consideration of this particular factor can be considered a significant one as it can facilitate maintaining an engagement of employees as well as productivity can also be increased.
Figure 2.6: Edwin Locke’s range theory
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2.5 Gap in literature
Previous literary sources have provided information regarding leadership aspects. In addition to that it has also provided knowledge about various factors that influence understanding leadership styles assignment within the organisation. Along with that, literary sources also conveyed knowledge about various factors of business culture. In addition to that it has been highlighted that business culture is important within the organisation as it provides knowledge about the working environment. On the other hand, proper leadership style according to the aviation industry is not travelling. This particular factor highlights that information about the scenario is limited. Therefore, this particular study has focused on evaluating the scenario appropriately.
From the above discussion it is elaborated that different leadership styles influence the shape and approach of the company. Leaders focus on applying different strategies for maintaining employee engagement within the organisation. This is also considered a significant factor as it facilitates a steady potential understanding leadership styles assignment and it influences employees to remain motivated for performing the job. It facilitates generating a proper competitive advantage and the growth of employees is also sustained. Maintaining productivity is also one of the significant aspects that is associated with the organisation. This facilitates a proper engagement process and it helps the organisation to develop a potential financial foundation